Bed Building 101: How To Assemble A Murphy Bed

Bed Building 101: How To Assemble A Murphy Bed

If you’re thinking about purchasing a Murphy bed but aren’t sure about the installation process, this guide has you covered.    
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If you're thinking about purchasing a Murphy bed but aren't sure about the installation and bed building process, this step-by-step guide has you covered.    

It's simple to start. The only tool required to assemble a Lori Bed is a power drill, which can be purchased from many online retailers for $30 or less. No prior woodworking experience is required, and you don't need to be a DIY guru to assemble and install the frame easily.    

Unlike other Murphy beds on the market, the Lori Bed has no mechanical aids for lifting and lowering the platform, making installation that much smoother — and safer –  because it doesn't involve coiled springs. It's a mechanism-free solution that can be lifted and lowered by hand using your and your lifting partner's strength.

Lori Beds are also a great option if you're concerned about preserving your floors, baseboard, and molding because it doesn't have a lifting mechanism that needs to be anchored to the floor to create tension near the bed's base to lift the mattress.  

The bed uses a standalone platform that only attaches to the cabinet when it's in the upright position, meaning there's very little weight, if any, pulling against the wall.   

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Your Bed Building Tool Kit    

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Here's a list of the equipment you'll want to have around when installing your Murphy bed:   

  • Safety equipment. Gloves, protective eyewear, earplugs, and dust masks make woodworking safer and more comfortable.   
  • Power drill for fastening screws and drilling a few pilot holes   
  • Standard drill bits (we include these in the Lori Bed kit)
  • Stud finder   
  • Measuring tape, pencil, level (there's a free level app on your smartphone), etc. These are not strictly required but may come in handy.   
  • Optional: paint or stain, sandpaper, brushes, etc., for finishing your project

Pro tip: If you plan on painting or staining your Murphy bed, Lori Bed recommends completing wood finishing before the installation.  

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Your Bed Building Guide

Cabinet Side Assembly    

The first step of the bed building process is to assemble the cabinet sides by attaching trim pieces.

Layout the materials side-by-side on a workspace. Attach the cabinet trim to the cabinet sides using 1-inch screws. Each cabinet side will use 16 screws. You'll need to make two mirror-image assemblies, one for the left side of your cabinet and one for the right. The alignment of these pieces creates the baseboard notch, so make sure those pieces line up nicely.  

Headboard Shelf Assembly   

The headboard shelf folds down when the bed is in use so you can place a lamp or alarm clock nearby. Connect the lower back brace and headboard shelf in three places using the shelf hinges and ½-inch screws in the predrilled holes.    

You can use a bubble level to help ensure the shelf is level when installing it. Most smartphones also have leveling apps available for download. See our demo of this process in this assembly video.    

Cabinet Assembly    

A partner comes in handy during this step. Stand the cabinet sides on their edge. Then fit the cabinet top into the spaces in the cabinet sides to create a 90-degree angle. Pre-drill and insert 1 ½-inch screws through the top and into the sides in six places. If you can angle the screws toward the cabinet sides slightly, it creates a stronger joint.   

Place one cabinet brace into position flush with the cabinet top. Fasten the pieces with four pilot holes and 1 ½-inch screws into the cabinet sides at an angle (two in each end) and five screws through the cabinet top into the cabinet brace.    

Next, predrill all your holes. Position the headboard shelf assembly into the notches in the cabinet sides, and attach with four pilot holes and 1 ½-inch screws at an angle. The head should fold down toward the ground naturally.   

Attach the second cabinet brace by fitting it into the notches at the bottom of the cabinet sides and securing it with four 1 ½-inch screws at an angle. Again, pre-drill your holes.  

Now you’re ready to stand your cabinet up against the wall.  

Bed Platform Assembly    

Begin building the bed platform by arranging the shelf assemblies on the floor and the mattress panels. It's best to place the less attractive side facing up, as the mattress will cover it up. Note that the row of holes at one end of each mattress panel should be at the end near the rockers.   

Adjust the pieces so everything lines up well before you begin adding screws. The holes in the edges of the shelves, rockers, and bullnoses should align with the holes in the panels. The bullnose and rockers should be flush with the ends of the panels, and the seams between the panels should rest right on top of them. The shelves should extend out evenly on each side by 1 3/8-inch.  

Use 2 ½-inch wood screws to hold everything in place and won't shift around. Ensure the seams stay tightly together and positioned over the centers of the bullnose and rockers. Then, add the remaining screws to secure it in place.  

Attach Mattress Rest   

If needed, flip the platform over with a partner, and position the mattress rest under the row of holes at the end of the platform, lining up with the holes in the mattress rest. Attach with 12 2 ½-inch washer head screws, starting with the screws on the ends.  

(Head here next to learn more about how the Lori Bed works)

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Attach Eye Bolts and Mattress Strap   

Next, you'll attach the two eye bolt screws to secure the mattress strap. The bolts will pass through the hole in the platform and into the holes on the shelf. 

To attach the strap, pass one of the looped ends through an eye bolt and then pass the buckle through the loop, pulling to tighten. Repeat on the other side, and adjust as needed to fit your mattress.  

Install Locking Hardware   

Your next bed-building step is to install your locks just below the upper shelf. The locks' crescent or half-moon-shaped movable part should be installed on the platform using the screws provided and the predrilled holes.   

The other half of the lock (called the catch) should be installed on the cabinet sides. Use the screws provided, or use 1-inch screws. 

Now, find the correct position for the catch. It should be as far as possible from the other half of the lock while still functioning well. Mark the holes you need to drill based on where the catch should be positioned, and then use the tiny drill bit provided to pre-drill the holes.   

Consider whether your household would be better protected by padlocks, sliding bar latches, or other safety equipment.  

(Along with this bed building guide, we also have a wall bed buying guide right here)


The first step for mounting the bed cabinet involves using a stud-finder to locate the studs (the vertical, wood 2x4's) behind the drywall where you want to install your Murphy bed. Typically, studs are spaced out every 16-inches, though this may vary depending on how your house was built. To make it easy to locate, most electronic stud finders will beep once it discovers the right spot to drill to make it easy to locate.    

Next, mark the location of the studs on the upper bed brace. Grab screws and drill through the marked points to create a pilot hole through the brace and into the stud. Lori Beds provides large fender washers with its ready-to-install kits, which provide lots of holding power. The washers should be fitted around the screw to further secure the bed's position to the wall.  

Don't fully tighten your anchors until you are sure everything is where you want it. Small adjustments are helpful in the end. Once you have the position you desire, tighten them down.   

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Get Ready To Admire Your Bed Building Work   

Lori Bed building typically takes two-to-four hours for one person working alone, though it can take less than two hours with the help of a partner. At Lori Beds, our mission is to put the wall bed within everyone's reach, so we've designed step-by-step plans that make assembling the Lori Bed a breeze for even a novice.    

Each part of the process is detailed with pictures and explained in plain English. You can also follow along with our assembly video below to see how to assemble the bed, including how to mount a Murphy bed to the wall properly.   

Now that you know the simple steps for installment check out our variety of sizes, orientations, and finishes to fit your specific needs. Search our selection to get yours today.     

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This post was first published in 2020, but it was updated in 2022 just for you.